How to Find and Finance Your Next Multifamily Property

Finding your next multifamily investment can be challenging, especially in today’s market environment. Cap rates are at record lows, and interest rates are rising. Inflation climbed 7.9% year-over-year as of February 2022, increasing operating expenses and the cost of capital improvements. Rent growth has been the only saving grace, surging nearly 20% across the top 50 metros in 2021.

Discovering the right opportunity requires looking at more deals when they hit the market and being prepared to move forward quickly with a firm bid. Understanding your financing options is vital for improving your chances of being awarded a deal and maximizing your returns.

Small loans, ample opportunities

When considering your financing options for 5+ unit multifamily properties, you should go beyond your local bank and consider financing through an agency small loan program. Fannie Mae Small Loans and Freddie Mac Small Balance Loans (SBL) offer some of the most competitive terms in the market, so they’re worth exploring if your property is eligible. This article will walk you through your financing options and help you navigate the property-specific agency small loan requirements, so you know what to look for when searching for your next multifamily investment.

Multifamily financing options

Agency small loan programs

Fannie Mae Small Loans and Freddie Mac Small Balance Loans (SBL) can be game changers for achieving your investment goals, limiting risk, and maximizing returns. They typically provide an ideal mix of low rates, maximum leverage, speed to close, and non-recourse debt for stabilized, 5+ unit multifamily properties. Specific benefits include:

  • Loan amounts from $750k – $7.5 million
  • Fixed and hybrid rate loan options
  • Up to 80% LTV
  • 30-year amortization
  • Up to 30-year loan terms
  • Up to full-term interest-only
  • Yield maintenance and declining prepayment penalty options
  • Non-recourse
  • Assumable
  • Can close within 60 days or less
  • Available nationwide
  • Stable source of capital
  • Rate held at application for Freddie Mac SBL
  • Supplemental loans available for Fannie Mae Small Loans

How other financing options compare:

Financing optionsPotential advantagesTypical disadvantages
Banks and credit unionsFloating rate options
Less than 5-year loan terms available
Shorter closing time frame
Less stringent property and borrower requirements
Lower prepayment penalties
Less due diligence/ documentation
Lower closing costs
Higher rates
Capped at 75% LTV
Limit cash-out proceeds
25-year amortization
5–10-year maximum loan terms
Limited interest-only
Full or partial recourse
Not assumable
Limited geographically
Deposit requirements
Less stable source of capital
FHA/HUDLower rates
Up to 35-year amortization and loan terms
Construction and rehab loan products are also available
Typically require 6+ months to close
More excellent due diligence/ documentation
No hybrid rate options
CMBSLess stringent property and borrower requirements
May allow the use of mezzanine debt or preferred equity
Higher rates
Capped at 75% LTV
10-year maximum loan term
$2MM minimum loan amount
Less flexible prepayment options
Cannot hold rate until a few days before closing
Less stable source of capital
More stringent servicing requirements w/ cash management triggers
Life companiesLower rates
Rate locked at the application
Capped at 65-70% LTV
Limit cash-out proceeds
Limited to higher-class properties
25-year amortization
$2MM minimum loan amount
Debt funds,
construction, bridge, and hard money lenders
6-month to 3-year loan terms
Do not require stabilized Occupancy (lend on new construction, lease-up, and rehabilitation/ redevelopment projects)
Shortest closing time frame
Higher rates and only floating rate options are available
Capped at 75% LTV
Shorter loan terms
Partial or full recourse

Key takeaways

Local banks and credit unions may provide greater flexibility and lower closing costs, however; they will likely have higher rates and limit you to 75% LTV, 5-year loan terms, 25-year amortization, no interest-only, and require at least partial recourse.

Lenders that may be able to offer lower rates, such as FHA/HUD or life companies, require greater due diligence and can take too long to close (FHA/HUD) or are only available for higher class properties and limit your loan proceeds to less than 70% LTV (life companies).

So, what should you look for when searching for your next multifamily investment to ensure you can take advantage of the ideal mix of terms provided by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac’s small loan programs?

Finding a multifamily property that fits

Property must-haves to qualify for agency small loans:

  • 5+ units
  • $750k – $7.5MM loan amount (approximately $1MM minimum property value)
  • Stabilized occupancy (At least 90% minimum physical occupancy with certain exceptions down to 85%)

Property may be eligible if:

  • Currently benefiting from specific tax abatements
  • Age-restricted or “seniors housing” as long as it does not provide resident services
  • Offering tenant-based rental assistance with no more than 20% of the units encumbered by a HAP contract or subject to other approved affordability restrictions/contracts

Property may NOT be eligible if:

  • More than 5% of its branches will be operated as short-term rentals such as Airbnb units
  • Comprised of micro-units of less than 350 SF
  • There is more than 50% commercial (non-residential) space or commercial income
  • There is more than 50% student, military, or single employer concentration
  • Comprised of non-contiguous parcels with individual buildings consisting of less than five units
  • Considered a “fractured condo,” representing only a portion of the project’s total units

Where to look

A great place to start your property search is right here on Crexi! You can apply the following filters to make sure your property meets the agency programs’ “must-have” requirements:

  • Property Type = Multifamily/Apartment Building
  • Min Units = 5
  • Min Price = $1,000,000
  • Min Occupancy = 85% (although you may not want to apply this filter as listings missing this information would also be excluded)

And don’t forget to consider the other eligibility criteria as you narrow your search. Once you’ve identified a winning property and are ready for more precise loan terms based on your unique situation and goals, connect with one of our expert MultiFi partners to learn more and get a quote!


Source: How to Find and Finance Your Next Multifamily Property | Crexi Insights